68.2 rural households in Jammu without latrine facility against 1.7 percent in Kashmir

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Bharti Jasrotia

In a spine chilling revelation, 68.2 percent rural households in Jammu Division reported to have no latrine facility in their dwelling units against which the percentage of households who have no latrine facility is 1.7 percent in Kashmir Division.

Latrine facility for common use of the households in the building was higher in urban areas of Jammu division i.e. 15 percent whereas the percentage for the same was 8.6 only in Kashmir Division while 4.6 percent of households in rural areas of Jammu division had the latrine facility for the common use of the households in the building. However, 21.7 percent of rural households in Kashmir division reported to have latrine facility for common use of the households in the building.

These figures have been put out by Department of Economics and Statistics in its report based on 69th round of National Sample Survey (NSS) on Drinking Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Housing Conditions in Jammu and Kashmir.  12.7 and 48.5 percent of the households in rural and urban areas of Jammu division reported to have facility of attached bathroom in their dwelling units whereas in Kashmir division, 57.2 percent of households in rural areas and 73.6 percent of households in urban areas had attached bathroom facility in their dwelling units.

52.5 percent and 2.5 percent of rural and urban households of Jammu division respectively reported to have no bathroom facility in their dwelling units while in Kashmir division only 4.3 percent rural households and 0.9 percent urban households reported to have no bathroom facility in their dwelling units. As far as detached bathroom facility is concerned, figure for Jammu and Kashmir divisions for rural as well as urban areas shows quite significant enhancement of percentage i.e. Jammu rural (34.8 percent) and Kashmir rural (38.6 percent), Jammu urban (49 percent) and Kashmir urban (25.5 percent).

Survey results show that 57.7 percent rural households and 4.5 percent urban households in Jammu Division reported to have no drainage facility. Similarly, 35.3 percent rural households and 10.2 urban households reported to have no drainage facility. In Jammu Division, 4.6 rural households and 52.4 percent urban households had underground drainage system.

Among rural and urban households in Jammu Division i.e., In Jammu Division, 25.9 percent and 2.9 percent households respectively reported to have open Kutcha drainage facility. However, the percentage of households having open Kutcha drainage facility was 35.8 percent and 5.5 percent in rural and urban areas respectively. 7.3 percent rural households and 47 percent urban households in Kashmir Division reported to have facility of underground drainage system.

69th round survey results reveal that 0.8 percent rural households and 23.5 percent urban households in Jammu Division reported to have garbage disposed facility provided to them by Panchayat, municipality or corporation. In Kashmir Division, 6.3 percent and 71.3 percent rural and urban households respectively reported that garbage facility was managed by the residents/group of residents themselves.

7.7 percent and 23.3 percent rural and urban households in Jammu Division respectively reported to have no garbage disposal facility provided to them by any agency. In Kashmir Division, 59.6 percent rural households and 13.1 urban households reported that garbage disposal facility was not provided to them. The survey results reveal that in rural areas of Jammu Division, 51.8 percent, 11 percent and 37.2 percent of households were living in Pucca, Semi-Pucca and kutcha type of structures respectively.

In urban areas of Jammu Division, 95.9 percent of households had Pucca type of structure, 3.1 percent of households were living in Semi-Pucca type of structure and only 1 percent of the households reported to live in Kutcha type of structure.

However, percentage of the same for rural areas in Kashmir Division was 66.6 percent, 14.7 percent and 18.8 percent respectively. So far as, urban areas of Kashmir Division are concerned, 79.9 percent, 8.7 percent and 11.4 percent of the households were having Pucca, Semi-Pucca and kutcha type of structure respectively to live in.

The ownership of dwelling has been categorized between no dwellings, owned, hired, employer’s quarter and other type of dwellings‟ possessed by the households in Jammu and Kashmir Divisions during 69th round survey. Under owned category of dwelling 98.3 percent and 84.5 percent of households in rural as well as urban areas respectively had owned; dwelling units in Jammu Division. Similarly, in Kashmir division majority of the households i.e. 99.7 percent and 97.5 percent of the rural and urban households respectively had their owned dwelling units.

However, in rural areas of Jammu and Kashmir division, the occupation of „employers quarter` by the households was negligible and also in urban areas of both Jammu as well as Kashmir division, the figure 1.6 percent households in Jammu Division and 0.3 percent households in Kashmir division does not show any significance in this aspect.

 

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