How to resolve Kashmir conundrum?

In a high profile visit at Katra, Prime Minister Narendra Modi again invoked Atal Behari Vajpayee’s vision of Insaaniyat, Kashmiriyat and Jamhooriyat but he also added his own vision ‘Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas’. During his speech, Prime Minister promised that both centre and state government will work shoulder to shoulder for carrying forward Jammu and Kashmir on the path of development.

The vision of Atal Behari Vajpayee is praise worthy but alas no government at state and centre has shown any seriousness to fulfill his highly appreciable vision. On the other hand various stakeholders in the Valley are not enthusiastic and have not shown eagerness to move forward to bring normalcy in the Valley. Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti while sharing dais with Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi has said that Kashmir has pain which need to be addressed.

There is no doubt that economic package announced by PM at Srinagar last year would address local problems of the people of valley like  rehabilitation of flood affected people but in fact, Kashmir centric parties including PDP and NC are harping  political solution to assuage suffering of people for last 25 years. Kashmir is boiling with unrest and needs restoration of peace and normalcy.

To douse the fire, central government has to take bold steps like taken by Rajiv Gandhi to bring peace in Punjab by signing Rajiv-Longowal accord, Assam accord and Nagaland peace accord signed during 2015 by NDA Government. Past record reflects that Valley centric parties are just coming out with their own formula and not taking all stakeholders into confidence before raising finger at the centre.

Both NC and PDP has their own point of view to address long pending political solution while separatist have their different formula which cannot be accepted by any government at the centre. It is not out of place to mention here that 1953 Agreement and 1974 Indira-Sheikh accord though assuaged the feeling of the people at that time but with the passage of time, these accords have become irrelevant to the budding leaders and generation of nowadays.

PDP demands self rule, which they kept in backburner as part of agenda of alliance while NC is harping for more autonomy. Hurriyat Conference has their own agenda, which no government at centre can think to carry forward. Ball is in the court of all political parties and organizations of Kashmir Valley. First of all, they have to find a formula acceptable to both state and centre within the ambit of the constitution of India.

Congress-led UPA in the past and NDA government has time and again announced their willingness to discuss Jammu and Kashmir but within the framework of Indian constitution. But what to talk of about separatists, even mainstream parties PDP, NC have no unanimity over Kashmir issue. Mehbooba Ji is very much right when she says that there is pain in the heart of Kashmir Valley. But what is the solution and how it can be addressed is a million dollar question.

Militancy in Punjab subsided after 10 years but here in Kashmir Valley, there is turmoil for last 25 years and above all there seems no possibility of permanent peace near future if the political parties and the separatists are unable to come-up with formula which is mutually acceptable to one and all. They have to carve out one formula which would address the issue for all times to come. Even then, what direction Kashmir will take remains a mystery.


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