Secular and spiritual

Not all teachers can be called guru. Recently, on Guru Purnima, one saw school and college students celebrating their bond with teachers. The guru-disciple relationship is a unique aspect of Indian culture wherein human relationships are in relation to the world for fulfilment of gross and subtle desires.
The seeker acquires spiritual knowledge from the guru, intimately appreciates the same, and eventually passes this on to future generation, keeping alight the flame of knowledge. Secular education and spiritual knowledge have different domains and modes of acquisition; yet they are complementary. In modern schools, teachers impart knowledge of all subjects: pure and applied sciences, arts and humanities.
This knowledge in respect of the manifested world comprises of gross and subtle worlds and the individual. This knowledge is acquired by sensual perception, mental experience or intellectual acumen; it is mediate and indirect (paroksha). The knower and knowledge are distinct from objects of learning. This knowledge is also referred to as apara (lower) knowledge.
Spiritual knowledge is about the substratum behind the manifestation referred to as Atman or Brahmn at individual and universal levels.
This is about the innermost essence, which is immediate and directly experienced as intuition when scholarly and enlightened gurus administer experiential knowledge. Here, the triad of knower, known and knowledge becomes one. This is called para (higher) knowledge.

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